Anderson, C.A., & Arnoult, L.H. (1985).

Attributional models of depression, loneliness, and shyness.

In J. Harvey & G. Weary (Eds.), Attribution: Basic issues and applications. New York: Academic Press.


This chapter explores theroetical models of three of the most common and costly psychological problems in modern society--depression, loneliness, and shyness--with an emphasis on attributional factors. Causes of the problems are categorized as consisting of stress factors, skill factors, and cognitive factors. Attributional style, a cognitive factor, is seen as both a predisposing and a maintaining cause of each of these problems. The learned helplessness model and Weiner's attributional approach are reviewed. New data reveal that a modified attributional style dimension of controllability is the most important predictor of depression, loneliness, and shyness, whereas the learned helplessness dimension of globality is the least important dimension. Methodological and theoretical implications for development and testing of more accurate models are discussed.

© 1985 by Craig A. Anderson.

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