Science and the reformulated learned-helplessness model of depression.
Psychological Inquiry. 2, 14-19.
Substantial agreement is noted with Peterson's comments concerning the likely historical and cultural generality of attribution dimension effects, the modest but acceptable consistency of attributional style measures, the relation between attributional style and spontaneous attributions, and the applied versus theoretical importance of magnitude of attributional style correlations. In addition, the authors note four major areas of disagreement. These concern the importance of controllability as an attributional style dimension, the problems of confounded attribution and criterion variables and the consequent result that the reformulated model has received few appropriate tests, the questionable value of globality as a style dimension, and the role of attribution dimension interactions. Many of these problems are seen as resulting from a bandwagon effect among scholars in the area. The final section discusses the importance of longitudinal and cross-sectional data, the independence of attributional styles for good and bad events, the role of good event attributional style in depression, chauvinism in science, and the need for productive dialogue.
©1991 by Craig A. Anderson.
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