Anderson, C.A. (in press). 


Article to appear in The Encyclopedia of Sociology, Revised Edition, New York: MacMillan.


This article provides a summary of key issues in the definition, etiology, treatment, and prevention of human aggression and violence. The different types of aggression are identified. Distal causes of aggression discussed in this article include biological, environmental and psychological factors. Proximate causes of aggression include individual differences and situational factors. These factors are related to individual aggression and to mass killings and genocide. Research-based recommendations for creating less violent societies are presented.

© Copyright 1999 by Craig A. Anderson

  Click here to download a pdf version of this article.