Craig A. Anderson

Publications prior to 1995

All publications can be downloaded and printed using Adobe's free Acrobat Reader.
Click here to access various scales and tasks used in my attributional style or my aggression research.
Click here to download a letter (in pdf format) to parents with recommendations for some good video game sources and some guidelines concerning violent video games.



Carlsmith, J.M., & Anderson, C.A. (1979). Ambient temperature and the occurrence of collective violence:  A new analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 337-344.


Anderson, C.A., & Jennings, D.L. (1980). When experiences of failure promote expectations of success:  The impact of attributing failure to ineffective strategies. Journal of Personality, 48, 393-407.

Anderson, C.A., Lepper, M.R., & Ross, L. (1980). The perseverance of social theories:  The role of explanation in the persistence of discredited information. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 1037-1049.


Anderson, C.A. (1982). Inoculation and counter-explanation:  Debiasing techniques in the perseverance of social theories. Social Cognition, 1, 126-139.

Ross, L., & Anderson, C.A. (1982). Shortcomings in the attribution process:  On the origins and maintenance of erroneous social assessments. In D. Kahneman, P. Slovic, & A. Tversky (Eds.), Judgment under Uncertainty:  Heuristics and Biases (pp. 129-152). New York:  Oxford University Press.

Horowitz, L.M., French, R., & Anderson, C.A. (1982). The prototype of a lonely person. In L.A. Peplau & D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness:  A Sourcebook of Current Theory, Research, and Therapy (pp. 183-205). New York:  Wiley-Interscience.


Anderson, C.A. (1983). Abstract and concrete data in the perseverance of social theories:  When weak data lead to unshakeable beliefs. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 19, 93-108.

Anderson, C.A. (1983). The causal structure of situations:  The generation of plausible causal attributions as a function of type of event situation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 19, 185-203.

Anderson, C.A., Horowitz, L.M., & French, R. (1983). Attributional style of lonely and depressed people. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 127-136.

Anderson, C.A. (1983). Motivational and performance deficits in interpersonal settings:  The effect of attributional style. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 1136-1147.

Anderson, C.A. (1983). Imagination and expectation:  The effect of imagining behavioral scripts on personal intentions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, 293-305.


Anderson, C.A. & Anderson, D.C. (1984). Ambient temperature and violent crime:  Tests of the linear and curvilinear hypotheses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 91-97.


Anderson, C.A., & Arnoult, L.H. (1985). Attributional style and everyday problems in living:  Depression, loneliness, and shyness. Social Cognition, 3, 16-35.

Anderson, C.A., New, B.L., & Speer, J.R. (1985). Argument availability as a mediator of social theory perseverance. Social Cognition, 3, 235-249.

Anderson, C.A. (1985). Actor and observer attributions for different types of situations:  Causal structure effects, individual differences, and the dimensionality of causes. Social Cognition, 3, 323-340.

Lane, D.M., Anderson, C.A., & Kellam, K.L. (1985). Judging the relatedness of variables:  The psychophysics of covariation detection. Journal of Experimental Psychology:  Human Perception and Performance, 11, 640-649.

Anderson, C.A., & Arnoult, L.H. (1985). Attributional models of depression, loneliness, and shyness. In J. Harvey & G. Weary (Eds.), Attribution:  Basic Issues and Applications (pp. 235-279). New York:  Academic Press.


Anderson, C.A., & Sechler, E.S. (1986). Effects of explanation and counterexplanation on the development and use of social theories. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 24-34. Bushman, B.J., & Anderson, C.A. (2001). Is it time to pull the plug on the hostile versus instrumental aggression dichotomy? Psychological Review, 108, 273-279.

Anderson, C.A., Lane, D.M., & Kellam, K.L. (1986). Functional relations are not models:  A note on covariation detection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 12, 110-111.

Anderson, C.A., & Slusher, M.P. (1986). Relocating motivational effects:  An examination of the cognition-motivation debate on attributions for success and failure. Social Cognition, 4, 270-292.

Anderson, C.A., & Ford, C.M. (1986). Affect of the game player:  Short-term consequences of playing aggressive video games. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12, 390-402.


Slusher, M.P., & Anderson, C.A. (1987). When reality monitoring fails:  The role of imagination in stereotype maintenance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 653-662.

Anderson, C.A. (1987). Temperature and aggression:  Effects on quarterly, yearly, and city rates of violent and nonviolent crime. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 1161-1173.

Sherman, R.T., & Anderson, C.A. (1987). Decreasing premature termination from psychotherapy. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 5, 298-312.

Anderson, C.A., & Godfrey, S. (1987). Thoughts about actions:  The effects of specificity and availability of imagined behavioral scripts on expectations about oneself and others. Social Cognition, 5, 238-258.


Anderson, C.A., & Harvey, R.J. (1988). Discriminating between problems in living:  An examination of measures of depression, loneliness, shyness, and social anxiety. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 6, 482-491.

Anderson, C.A., Jennings, D.L., & Arnoult, L.H. (1988). Validity and utility of the attributional style construct at a moderate level of specificity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 979-990.

Arnoult, L.H., & Anderson, C.A. (1988). Identifying and reducing causal reasoning biases in clinical practice. In D. Turk & P. Salovey (Eds.), Reasoning, Inference, and Judgment in Clinical Psychology:  Theory, Assessment, and Treatment. (pp. 209-232). New York: Free Press.


Anderson, C.A., & Arnoult, L.H. (1989). An examination of perceived control, humor, irrational beliefs, and positive stress as moderators of the relation between negative stress and health. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 10, 101-117.

Anderson, C.A. (1989). Temperature and aggression: Ubiquitous effects of heat on the occurrence of human violence. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 74-96.

Slusher, M.P., & Anderson, C.A. (1989). Belief perseverance and self-defeating behavior. In R. Curtis (Ed.) Self-defeating behaviors:  Experimental research clinical impressions, and practical implications. (pp. 11-40). New York:  Plenum.

Anderson, C.A. (1989). Causal reasoning and belief perseverance. In D.W. Schumann (Ed.), Proceedings of the Society for Consumer Psychology (pp. 115-120). Knoxville, TN:  University of Tennessee.


Anderson, C.A., & Sedikides, C. (1991). Thinking about people:  Contributions of a typological alternative to associationistic and dimensional models of person perception. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 203-217.

Anderson, C.A., & Deuser, W.E. (1991). Science and the reformulated learned helplessness model of depression. Psychological Inquiry, 2, 14-19.

Anderson, C.A., & Riger, A.L. (1991). A controllability attributional model of problems in living:  Dimensional and situational interactions in the prediction of depression and loneliness. Social Cognition, 9, 149-181.

Anderson, C.A. (1991). How people think about causes: Examination of the typical phenomenal organization of attributions for success and failure. Social Cognition, 9, 295-329.

Anderson, C.A. (1991). Attributions as decisions:  A two-stage information processing model. In S. Zelen (Ed.) New models, new extensions of attribution theory:  The third attribution-personality conference, CSPP-LA, 1988. (pp. 12-54). New York:  Springer


Anderson, C.A., & Kellam, K.L. (1992). Belief perseverance, biased assimilation, and covariation detection:  The effects of hypothetical social theories and new data. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 555-565.

Sedikides, C., & Anderson, C.A. (1992). Causal explanations of defection:  A knowledge structure approach. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18, 420-429.

Anderson, C.A., & DeNeve, K.M. (1992). Temperature, aggression, and the negative affect escape model. Psychological Bulletin, 111, 347-351.

Anderson, C.A., & Weiner, B. (1992). Attribution and attributional processes in personality. In G. Caprara & G. Heck (Eds.) Modern personality psychology:  Critical reviews and new directions. (pp. 295-324). New York:  Harvester Wheatsheaf.


Anderson, C.A., & Deuser, W.E. (1993). The primacy of control in causal thinking and attributional style:  An attributional functionalism perspective. In G. Weary, F. Gleicher, & K. Marsh (Eds.) Control motivation and social cognition. (pp. 94-121). New York:  Springer-Verlag.


Anderson, C.A., Miller, R.S., Riger, A.L., Dill, J.C., & Sedikides, C. (1994). Behavioral and characterological attributional styles as predictors of depression and loneliness:  Review, refinement, and test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 549-558.

Sedikides, C., & Anderson, C.A. (1994). Causal perceptions of inter-trait relations:  The glue that holds person types together. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 294-302.

Groom, R.W., & Anderson, C.A. (1994). Effects of temperature and age distribution on violent crime rates in the United States. The MU McNair Journal, 2, 17-20.

Deuser, W.E., & Anderson, C.A. (1994). Updating our knowledge of reasoning in the twentieth century. Contemporary Psychology, 39, 764-765.

Last updated: April, 2014
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